Skip main navigation

PharmacotherapyFirst: A Multimedia Learning Resource

Quick Facts

Overview

  • 1. Turner RB. The common cold. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7151789/. Accessed November 6, 2023. Google Scholar,
  • 2. Irwin RS, Baumann MH, Bolser DC, et al.. Diagnosis and management of cough executive summary: ACCP evidence-based clinical practice guidelines. Chest. 2006;129(1):1S–292S. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar,
  • 3. Kritek PA, Fanta CH. Cough and hemoptysis. In:
    Kasper D, Fauci A, Hauser S, Longo D, Jameson J, Loscalzo J
    , eds. Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine, 19e. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. Google Scholar,
  • 4. Tietze K. Cough. In:
    Krinsky DL, Ferreri SP, Hemstreet BA, et al..
    , eds. Handbook of Nonprescription Drugs: An Interactive Approach to Self-Care. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association; 2021:237–250. Google Scholar,
  • 5. Canning BJ, Adams TM, Bolser DC, Smith JA, Mazzone SB, McGarvey L. Anatomy and neurophysiology of cough: CHEST guideline and expert panel report. Chest. 2014;146(6):1633–1648. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar,
  • 6.
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    . Rhinoviruses. March 8, 2023. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/ncird/rhinoviruses-common-cold.html/. Accessed November 6, 2023. Google Scholar,
  • 7. Cohen S, Janicki-Deverts D, Doyle WJ. Self-rated health in healthy adults and susceptibility to the common cold. Psychosom Med. 2015;77(9):959–968. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar,

Guidelines

  • 1. Irwin RS, Baumann MH, Bolser DC, et al.. Diagnosis and management of cough executive summary: ACCP evidence-based clinical practice guidelines. Chest. 2006;129(1):1S–292S. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar,
  • 2. Irwin RS, French CT, Lewis SZ, Diekember RL, Gold PM. Overview of the management of cough: CHEST guideline and expert panel report. Chest. 2014;146(4):885–889. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar,
  • 3. Smith MP, Lown M, Singh S, et al.. Acute cough due to acute bronchitis in immunocompetent adult outpatients. CHEST expert panel report. Chest 2020; 157(5):1256–1265 Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar,
  • 4. Gibson P, Wang G, McGarvey L, et al.. Treatment of unexplained chronic cough: CHEST Guideline and Expert Panel Report. Chest. 2016;149(1):27–44. doi: 10.1378/chest.15-1496 Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar,

Patient Presentation

  • 1. Tietze K. Cough. In:
    Krinsky DL, Ferreri SP, Hemstreet BA, et al..
    , eds. Handbook of Nonprescription Drugs: An Interactive Approach to Self-Care. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association; 2021:237–250. Google Scholar,
  • 2. Turner RB. The common cold. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7151789/. Accessed November 6, 2023. Google Scholar,
  • 3. Kritek PA, Fanta CH. Cough and hemoptysis. In:
    Kasper D, Fauci a, Hauser S, Longo D, Jameson J, Loscalzo J
    . eds. Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine, 19e. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. Google Scholar,
  • 4. Irwin RS, Baumann MH, Bolser DC, et al.. Diagnosis and management of cough executive summary: ACCP evidence-based clinical practice guidelines. Chest. 2006;129(1):1S–292S. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar,
  • 5. De Blasio F, Virchow JC, Polverino M, et al.. Cough management: a practical approach. Cough. 2011;7(1):7. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar,

Treatment Goals

  • 1. Scolaro KL. Colds and Allergy. In:
    Krinsky DL, Ferreri SP, Hemstreet BA, et al..
    , eds. Handbook of Nonprescription Drugs: An Interactive Approach to Self-Care. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association; 2021:209–236. Google Scholar,
  • 2. Tietze K. Cough. In:
    Krinsky DL, Ferreri SP, Hemstreet BA, et al..
    , eds. Handbook of Nonprescription Drugs: An Interactive Approach to Self-Care. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association; 2021:237–250. Google Scholar,
  • 3. Irwin RS, Baumann MH, Bolser DC, et al.. Diagnosis and management of cough executive summary: ACCP evidence-based clinical practice guidelines. Chest. 2006;129(1):1S–292S. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar,

Disease State Management

  • 1. Scolaro KL. Colds. In:
    Krinsky DL, Ferreri SP, Hemstreet BA, et al..
    , eds. Handbook of Nonprescription Drugs: An Interactive Approach to Self-Care. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association; 2021:209–236. Google Scholar,
  • 2. Tietze K. Cough. In:
    Krinsky DL, Ferreri SP, Hemstreet BA, et al..
    , eds. Handbook of Nonprescription Drugs: An Interactive Approach to Self-Care. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association; 2021:237–250. Google Scholar,
  • 3. LexiDrugs Online. Hudson, OH: Lexi-Comp. https://online.Lexi.com/lco/action/index/type/dyg. Accessed November 6, 2023. Google Scholar,
  • 4.
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    . Vaccines & immunizations. http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines. Accessed November 6, 2023. Google Scholar,

Medications

  • 1. Scolaro KL. Colds. In:
    Krinsky DL, Ferreri SP, Hemstreet BA, et al..
    , eds. Handbook of Nonprescription Drugs: An Interactive Approach to Self-Care. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association; 2021:209–236. Google Scholar,
  • 2. Tietze K. Cough. In:
    Krinsky DL, Ferreri SP, Hemstreet BA, et al..
    , eds. Handbook of Nonprescription Drugs: An Interactive Approach to Self-Care. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association; 2021:237–250. Google Scholar,
  • 3. Diphenhydramine [Package Insert]. Dublin, OH: Cardinal Health; Dec 2017. Google Scholar,
  • 4. Codeine [Package Insert]. Atlanta, GA: Mikart, Inc.; Sep 2016. Google Scholar,
  • 5. Tussionex [Package Insert]. Smyrna, GA: UCB, Inc.; Aug 2018. Google Scholar,
  • 6. Dextromethorphan [Package Insert]. Madison, NJ: Pfizer; May 2012. Google Scholar,
  • 7. Benzonatate [Package Insert]. Bridgewater, NJ: Alembic Pharmaceuticals Inc.; May 2018. Google Scholar,
  • 8. Camphor [Package Insert]. Cincinnati, OH: Proctor and Gamble; Apr 2018. Google Scholar,
  • 9. Phenylephrine [Package Insert]. Vally Forge, PA: Amerisource Bergen; Feb 2011. Google Scholar,
  • 10. Pseudoephedrine [Package Insert]. Lawrenceville, NJ: Aurohealth LLC; June 2017. Google Scholar,
  • 11.
    U.S. Food and Drug Administration
    . FDA clarifies results of recent advisory committee meeting on oral phenylephrine. Available at: https://www.fda.gov/drugs/drug-safety-and-availability/fda-clarifies-results-recent-advisory-committee-meeting-oral-phenylephrine. Accessed November 6, 2023. Google Scholar,
  • 12. Naphazoline [Package Insert]. Torrance, CA: Sato Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.; Dec 2011. Google Scholar,
  • 13. Oxymetazoline [Package Insert]. Allegen, MI: Perrigo; July 2018. Google Scholar,
  • 14. Propylhexedrine [Package Insert]. Lenexa, KS: B. F. Ascher & Co, Inc.; Sep 2014. Google Scholar,
  • 15. Guaifenesin [Package Insert]. Fort Worth, TX: Method Pharmaceuticals, LLC.; Sep 2016. Google Scholar,
  • 16. Benzocaine [Package Insert]. Ewing, NJ: Church and Dwight Co. Inc.; Mar 2017. Google Scholar,
  • 17. Phenol [Package Insert]. Massena, NY: Purinepharma LLC.; June 2015. Google Scholar,
  • 18. Menthol [Package Insert]. East Hanover, NJ: Mondelez Global LLC; Aug 2016. Google Scholar,
  • 19. Dyclonine [Package Insert]. Lutz, FL; Centura Pharmaceutical Inc.; June 2016. Google Scholar,
  • 20. Albuterol [Package Insert]. Morgantown, WV: Mylan; Jan 2010. Google Scholar,
  • 21. Levalbuterol [Package Insert]. Hayward, CA: Impax Generics, July 2017. Google Scholar,
  • 22. Ipratropium [Package Insert]. Cobalt Laboratories, Inc. Sep 2007. Google Scholar,
  • 23. Prednisone [Package Insert]. Watson Pharma, Inc. Jan 2009. Google Scholar,
  • 24. Methylprednisolone [Package Insert]. Salisbury, MD: Jubilant Cadista Pharmaceuticals Inc.; Oct 2017. Google Scholar,
  • 25. Ryan NM, Birring SS, Gibson PG. Gabapentin for refractory chronic cough: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Lancet. 2012;380(9853):1583–1589. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar,
  • 26. Gibson P, Wang G. McGarvey L, Vertigan AE, Altman KW, Birring SS. Treatment of unexplained chronic cough: CHEST guideline and expert panel report. Chest. 2016;149(1):27–44. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar,

Complementary and Integrative Health Approaches (CIHA)

Monitoring and Follow-Up

  • 1. Tietze K. Cough. In:
    Krinsky DL, Ferreri SP, Hemstreet BA, et al..
    , eds. Handbook of Nonprescription Drugs: An Interactive Approach to Self-Care. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association; 2021:237–250. Google Scholar,
  • 2. Scolaro KL. Colds. In:
    Krinsky DL, Ferreri SP, Hemstreet BA, et al..
    , eds. Handbook of Nonprescription Drugs: An Interactive Approach to Self-Care. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association; 2021:209–236. Google Scholar,

Practical Clinical Management Tips

  • 1. Scolaro KL. Colds. In:
    Krinsky DL, Ferreri SP, Hemstreet BA, et al..
    , eds. Handbook of Nonprescription Drugs: An Interactive Approach to Self-Care. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association; 2021:209–236. Google Scholar,
  • 2. Tietze K. Cough. In:
    Krinsky DL, Ferreri SP, Hemstreet BA, et al..
    , eds. Handbook of Nonprescription Drugs: An Interactive Approach to Self-Care. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association; 2021:237–250. Google Scholar,
  • 3. Irwin RS, Baumann MH, Bolser DC, et al.. Diagnosis and management of cough executive summary: ACCP evidence-based clinical practice guidelines. Chest. 2006;129(1):1S–292S. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar,

Cultural Sensitivities and Health Disparities

  • 1. Baer RD, Weller SC, Garcia J, et al.. Cross-cultural perspectives on physician and lay models of the common cold. Medical Anthropology Quarterly. 2008;22(2):148–166 Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar,
  • 2. Klonoff EA, Landrine H. Culture and gender diversity in commonsense beliefs about the causes of six illnesses. J Behav Med. 1994 Aug;17(4):407–18. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar,
  • 3. Yin HS. Over the counter products. In:
    Institute of Medicine
    . The Safe Use Initiative and Health Literacy: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2010. Chapter 3. Google Scholar,

Special Populations

  • 1. Tietze K. Cough. In:
    Krinsky DL, Ferreri SP, Hemstreet BA, et al..
    , eds. Handbook of Nonprescription Drugs: An Interactive Approach to Self-Care. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association; 2021:237–250. Google Scholar,
  • 2. Stanciu CN, Penders TM, Rouse EM. Recreational use of dextromethorphan, “Robotripping”-A brief review. Am J Addict. 2016:25(5):374–377. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar,
  • 3. Briggs GG, Freeman RK, Towers CV, et al.. Drugs in Pregnancy and Lactation: A Reference Guide to Fetal and Neonatal Risk. 12th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer Health; 2021. E-book available on-line (subscription required). Accessed November 6, 2023. Google Scholar,
  • 4.
    2023 American Geriatrics Society Beers Criteria Update Expert Panel
    . American Geriatrics Society 2023 updated AGS Beers Criteria for potentially inappropriate medication use in older adults. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2023 May 4. doi: 10.1111/jgs.18372. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 37139824. Crossref, MedlineGoogle Scholar,
  • 5. Scolaro KL. Colds. In:
    Krinsky DL, Ferreri SP, Hemstreet BA, et al..
    , eds. Handbook of Nonprescription Drugs: An Interactive Approach to Self-Care. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association; 2021:209–236. Google Scholar,

Interprofessional Collaborative Practice

  • 1. Tietze K. Cough. In:
    Krinsky DL, Ferreri SP, Hemstreet BA, et al..
    , eds. Handbook of Nonprescription Drugs: An Interactive Approach to Self-Care. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association; 2021:237–250. Google Scholar,
  • 2. Scolaro KL. Colds. In:
    Krinsky DL, Ferreri SP, Hemstreet BA, et al..
    , eds. Handbook of Nonprescription Drugs: An Interactive Approach to Self-Care. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association; 2021:209–236. Google Scholar,
  • 3.
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    . Cold vs. flu. September 29, 2022. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/flu/symptoms/coldflu.htm. Accessed November 6, 2023. Google Scholar,

Session Activity

Recently Viewed
Recently Searched

No search history